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History of (Indur) nizamabad,
Andhrapradesh, India
Indur is embodiment of Indian History; it has half of India in its spelling rest of the half in its history. Its history dates back to Paleolithic Stone Age. When the implements, utensils, other materials used by the men of Paleolithic stone near their tombs, were found at ‘Pochampad’ of indur, it was confirmed by the archaeologist that indur had its human life ever since it was the early stage of Stone Age. Adding to this, the reference of indur was even found in the scriptures of Jain, Budh and Hindu religious.
During 6th century B.C., a Surya Vamsha king named ‘Ashmaka’ established his Kingdome named ‘Ashmaka’ and built a city named ‘Poudana’ as the epic Mahabharath’s Karna Parvam the Kingdome Ashmaka was captured by the king Karna. The king Karna was assisted by the people of Nagula tribe in the battle. The history says that the residents of Ashmaka were none other than the people of Nagula tribe and also that the present inhabitants of Nizamabad i.e., Indur are the great grand children of Nagula Tribe people.
The Southern part of India was authoritatively ruled by the Nandas. The Nandas won over the Ashmaka Kingdome and Indur was under their ruling. Later Chandra, Gupta, Mourya destroyed the Nanda Kingdome with the help and guidance of Koutilya; subsequently the “Indur was under the Maouryan rule. After the regime of the Emperor Ashoka, the stavahana’s established their territory in South India. That was, indur was rule of “Satavahanas, Ikshwakas, Vishna Kundinas, Badami Chalukyas successively. In the year 1324, the Indur come into the hands of the sultans of Delhi.
The History of Indur states one fact that the resident of Indur were very brave and courageous, they fought bravely with Allauddin Khilji in the year 1303 AD and saved their land from the attack of the Muslim king. In the year 1309 Allauddin Khilji sent a heavy battalion of soldier’s under the leadership of Male kaafarto seized Bodhan fort. But he couldn’t succeed of the fortitude and courage shown by the people of Bodhan.
But in the year 1323 AD UI-ug Khan attacked on Bodhan and Kotagiri and succeeded in capturing them. He appointed Narsat Khan as the ‘GOVERNOR’ of the territory. Finally in the year 1324 AD Indur came into the ruling of Mohammdi Kings.
Again in 1347 AD the Bhamani king included Indur in the Kingdome. The fate of Indur was in a confused state up to 1500 AD,.As the Bhamani Kings and kings of Vijayanagara are frequently fight witch each other, Indur was under rule of these two Kingdome by turns. With the disintegration of Bahamani Kingdom Indur become the integral part of Golkonda Kingdome. The Qutch Shahi Kings built big forts at places like Bodhan, Kotagiri Kowlas Nala etc., and during this period many Marathas and Kannadigas come over here and settled down in indur.
Because of the Deccan policy adopted by Aurang-Zeb, the Golkonda Kingdome came into the Hands of Moghul Kingdome that’s how indur came in to the power of Moguls between 1689 AD up to 1724 AD. Then afterwards, it was the Asaf-Jhai’s, who ruled Indur it was in the year 1857 the first Muting of Sipoy, Rohilal the follower of Nana Saheb led the Movement of freedom and fought bravely at Kowlas. After the Police attack Indur was included in the union. As the Indur was under the Nizam rule it was named Nizamabad and the Nizamabad district was formed in the year 1956 AD and was included in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
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